3D/4D Echo Workflow White Paper - Detailed Information

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  • Antje Schroeder (Siemens Healthcare)
  • Lars Linmarker (GE)
  • Joe Luszcz (Phillips)


Advances in ultrasonography have progressively moved from 1D imaging (A-mode), to 2D (B-mode), to 3D (M-mode), and now to 4D volumetric rendering through time. However, clinicians have not been able to exchange volumetric images between systems of different vendors, as until recently there was not an agreed standard for such exchange. DICOM has now approved Supplement 43 to handle volumetric ultrasound, and IHE is the preferred venue for promoting interoperable implementations

The Problem

Key Use Cases

  • 3D quantification
  • Visualization and analysis of heart valves
  • Visualization and analysis of congential defects
  • Volume stress echo
  • Volume Contrast Echo
  • Interoperative 3D Ultrasound

Standards & Systems

Technical Approach

Existing actors

New actors

Existing transactions

New transactions (standards used)

Impact on existing integration profiles

New integration profiles needed

Breakdown of tasks that need to be accomplished

Support & Resources


Open Issues