Consistent Time

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The Consistent Time Integration Profile (CT) provides a means to ensure that the system clocks and time stamps of the many computers in a network are well synchronized. This profile specifies synchronization with a median error less than 1 second. This is sufficient for most purposes.

Summary

The Consistent Time Integration Profile defines mechanisms to synchronize the time base between multiple actors and computers.

Benefits

Various infrastructure, security, and acquisition profiles require use of a consistent time base on multiple computers, to synchronize logs, authenticate users, digitally sign documents, et cetera.

Details

The Consistent Time profile requires the use of the Network Time Protocol (NTP) defined in RFC 1305. When the Time Server is grouped with a Time Client to obtain time from a higher tier Time Server, the Time Client shall utilize NTP. For some Time Clients that are not grouped with a Time Server, SNTP (see RFC 4330) may be usable.

Windows Client Configuration

To configure Windows system to be a time client, simply enter the following at the command line:

C:\> net time /setsntp:hostname

Where hostname is the host name or IP address of the time server.


To ensure that your clock is updated immediately, stop the windows time service, set your clock back 5 minutes, then set the hostname, and restart your time service.

C:\> net stop w32time
C:\> time
C:\> net time /setsntp:hostname
C:\> net start w32time

Unix Client Configuration

On a unix system, ask a sysadmin to ensure that ntpd is running and configured properly. Typically, this involves ensuring that /etc/ntp.conf contains the following line:

 server hostname

Where hostname is the host name or IP address of the time server.

Systems Affected

All

Actors

Cta.png

Specification

Profile Status: Final Text

IHE IT Infrastructure Technical Framework Version 1 or later

Underlying Standards:

  • NTP Network Time Protocol Version 3. RFC1305
  • SNTP Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) RFC2030

See Also

  • NIST provides several time servers in the US that can be used to synchronize a system's internal clock.
  • ntp.pool.org is the international pool of NTP servers set up to distribute and share the load on time servers.


A May 2012 Economist article commented on the persistent need for time synchronization of medical devices.


The CT FAQ answers typical questions about what the Profile does.

This page is based on the Profile Template